Thursday, 25 May 2017

(262) Aylward of Ballynagar and Shankill Castle

Aylward of Shankill Castle
The Aylward family have been settled in the south-east of Ireland for many centuries, but it is only possible to construct a coherent genealogy for them from the late 16th century, when one branch was settled at Faithlegg (Co. Waterford) and another at Aylwardstown above the River Barrow in the south of Co. Kilkenny. The family were Catholics, and in the mid 17th century John Aylward of Faithlegg was an active supporter of the Catholic Confederation and mayor of Waterford at the time of the siege of that town in 1650. He was one of the seventy or so Catholic landowners deprived of their estates and transplanted to Galway, where he was granted some 3,000 acres of largely uncultivated land at Ballynagar (Co. Galway). His son, Peter Aylward was confirmed in his possession of Ballynagar in 1677, but the Faithlegg estate was never restored and was lost to the family at this time. Peter was the first of the family to conform to the Protestant religion, but his descendants seem to have been brought up as Catholics and only to have converted when their ownership of property or ambitions for public office made it expedient to do so. Peter was succeeded by his son John Aylward (d. 1731), three of whose sons then inherited in turn: John French Aylward, who died unmarried in 1755; Nugent Sylvester Aylward (1728-83), who was married but had no sons; and Michael Widman Aylward (d. 1785). 

On the death of the latter, the estate passed to his son, Capt. John Michael Nugent Aylward (1780-1861), then aged five, and the estate was leased out during his minority. He came into possession in 1801, was married in 1803, and in 1807 brought in the architect, Richard Morrison, to remodel the house at Ballynagar. Morrison developed a close friendship with the Aylmers, but after work on the house was completed, Capt. Aylmer came to suspect that Morrison was conducting an affair with his wife, and brought charges against him at the Galway Assizes for 'criminal conversation'. The jury were not convinced, and acquitted Morrison, but Capt. Aylmer, who seems to have had a somewhat mercurial temperament, separated from his wife anyway. Within a few years he was chronically indebted (something to which the cost of rebuilding Ballynagar may have contributed), and from 1819 until his death, over forty years later, he was pursued in the courts for debt and was obliged to sell parcels of the estate at intervals. His son, John Michael Aylward (1809-67) made an unsatisfactory marriage and separated from his wife before producing any children, so the reduced estate passed on his death to his nephew, John Michael Aylward Lewis (1827-73). Lewis left his widow, Hannah (d. 1913) a life interest in the estate, but two of his sons, John Michael Aylward Lewis (1854-1917) and Henry Hull Lewis (1860-1940) farmed parts of the property. Although the relationship between the brothers and the remaining customary tenants on the estate were generally good, the Aylwards became embroiled in a bitter dispute with the Irish Land Commission over the terms for the acquisition of the estate under the Irish land reform legislation. There is not space here to detail the dispute in full, but essentially the two brothers had taken a large part of the estate in hand when the customary tenants had declined to renew their tenancies (at rates set by the Commission), and had invested heavily in improving the land, for example by planting woodland on some areas. The compulsory purchase price subsequently set by the Land Commission was based on the old rental value and made no allowance for the subsequent investment. However valid the bigger picture of Irish land reform may have been, the Aylwards and many other landowners felt aggrieved at their treatment by the system, and in the 1920s what was left of the estate was sold by John Aylward Lewis (1893-1951).

The precise connection between the Aylwards of Faithlegg and later of Ballynagar and the Aylwards of Aylwardstown and later of Shankill Castle has not been established, but it seems probable that the latter branch was founded by a younger son of the former some time in the 16th century. Peter Aylward, who inherited Aylwardstown in 1608 and perhaps died in 1645, seems to have built a new house at Aylwardstown, of which a part (including a datestone for 1609) is incorporated into the present early 19th century farmhouse. Peter Aylward was succeeded at Aylwardstown by his son, Nicholas Aylward (fl. 1653), and he in turn by his son Peter Aylward (d. c.1720), who sometimes went by the name of Piers Aylward. Peter served with the Jacobite army in 1688-90 and was outlawed as a consequence, with the result that he forfeited Aylwardstown, although he later conformed to the Protestant religion. He married Elizabeth, the daughter and co-heiress of Sir Richard Butler, 2nd bt., of Paulstown (Kilkenny), and it seems probable that Elizabeth brought as part of her dowry the old tower house of Shankill Castle near Paulstown.  When Elizabeth died in 1708, Peter Aylward purchased this estate outright from the Butlers and rebuilt the house as a small but up-to-date classical house; his descendants remained there until 1991.

Peter Aylward was succeeded at Shankill Castle by his son Nicholas Aylward (1688-1756), who conformed to the Protestant religion in 1711 in order to allow him to be called to the bar; he later served as a judge and as an MP in the Irish House of Commons. Nicholas was succeeded by his eldest son, another Nicholas Aylward (c.1725-72), who left a son and two daughters by the first of his two marriages. When Nicholas died relatively young, the husbands of his two married sisters appear to have stirred up a messy family dispute about the succession to Shankill, but eventually his children were made wards of Chancery and his son Peter Aylward (d. 1792) succeeded when he came of age in about 1781. Peter also died young, and his son, Nicholas John Patrick Aylward (1787-1832) came of age in 1808. In the 1820s he extensively remodelled Shankill Castle in the Gothic taste, probably to the designs of William Robertson. Nicholas was succeeded by his son, James Kearney Aylward (1811-84), who made further alterations to the house in the 1850s, to the designs of William Deane Butler (d. 1857) and Richard Turner. James was married, but had no issue, and on his death the estate passed to his nephew, Hector James Charles Toler (1839-1918), who took the additional name Aylward. He left marriage and procreation until late in life, but produced 'an heir and a spare', who both contrived to survive the First World War. When he died in 1918, Shankill therefore passed to his elder son, Hector James Toler-Aylward (1895-1974), who served for three years as President of the Royal Dublin Society, 1959-62. He had no sons, so at his death Shankill passed first to his widow and then to his elder daughter Maura Toler-Aylward (1932-2003), who never married, and who sold the house to the artist Elizabeth Cope in 1991.



Ballynagar House, Woodford, Co. Galway


Ballynagar House, built by Richard Morrison for Capt. Aylmer, c.1807.

The Ballynagar estate belonged to the Aylward family from the mid 17th century, when John Aylward (d. 1662) was deprived of his property in Co. Waterford and resettled here. At the rear of the present main block is a wing consisting of three bays of an early-to-mid 18th century house, which is said to contain internal evidence of even earlier, 17th century, work. This house was let during the minority of Capt. John Michael Aylward (1780-1861), when it was described as 'large and roomy, and in capital repair', but perhaps because of subsequent neglect, it was remodelled after Capt. Aylward came of age.

The present house is largely the result of work undertaken c.1807-13 to the design of Richard Morrison for Capt. J.M. Aylmer (1780-1861). Morrison's new entrance front is a five-bay two-storey stuccoed block with shallow segmental bow ends, built on a raised basement. The house has a low-pitched slate roof supported on a broad eaves, with a one-bay central pediment over a shallow breakfront. The interior is decorated with delicate, thin plasterwork and horizontally fluted architraves to the doors and windows of the main rooms. The entrance hall has a segmental vaulted ceiling rising above and behind a shallow bracketed cornice, and connects by a broad flight of steps, flanked by plain niches, to the staircase hall, which is lit by a tall Gothick window with timber glazing bars. The ceiling of the staircase hall is a dramatic oval dome, again set above a bracketed cornice, but the staircase itself was replaced in the late 19th century.

Descent: granted to John Aylward (d. 1662); to son, Peter Aylward (b. 1653); to son, John Aylward (d. 1731); to son, John French Aylward (d. 1755); to brother, Nugent Sylvester Aylward (1728-83); to brother, Michael Widman Aylward (d. 1785); to son, Capt. John Michael Nugent Aylward (1780-1861); to son, John Michael Aylward (1809-67); to nephew, John Michael Aylward Lewis (1827-73); to widow, Hannah Aylward (d. 1913); to son, John Michael Aylward Lewis (1854-1917); to son, John Aylward Lewis (1893-1951), who sold in the 1920s...


Shankill Castle, Paulstown, Co. Kilkenny




Shankill Castle: gate lodge of c.1845 attached to an earlier archway of c.1825. Image: Dandyrum.

The estate is entered through a castellated and originally symmetrical gateway of the 1820s, to which a tall two-storey Gothic lodge designed by Daniel Robertson was attached in the late 1840s; the design of the latter is said to have been originally intended for Dunleckney Manor (Co. Carlow). The lodge sets the mood nicely for the present castellated house, but the complex Gothic facades are merely a remodelling of an older house of 1708-13, which in turn incorporated the original late 16th century tower house of the Butler family. The early 18th century house was built for Peter Aylward after he purchased the estate from his wife's family, and had a recessed centre and projecting end bays; the left hand bay represented the earlier tower house. There are remnants of the formal gardens which once accompanied the Georgian house in the avenue of trees leading from the entrance front to a claire-voie with rusticated stone piers, and in the lake at the rear of the house, which was originally a formal canal. 


Shankill Castle: entrance front
The interior of the house retains much of its early 18th century character. The central hall on the entrance front has a handsome black marble chimneypiece, and is flanked by smaller rooms with corner fireplaces, which were the original dining and drawing rooms. The dining room has Gothic plasterwork on the ceiling and a Gothic pelmet. The principal and secondary staircases occupy the space behind the original tower, and while the main staircase was renewed in the late 18th century, the secondary stair remains largely in its original form. Beyond the hall a saloon overlooked the grounds to the rear of the house. On the first floor, a transverse corridor down the middle of the house gives access to the principal bedrooms.

Shankill Castle: garden front, showing the lake created from an 18th century formal canal.
Shankill Castle: watercolour proposal for Gothick remodelling of the house, c.1825, attributed to William Robertson.
Image: Irish Architectural Archive.

A watercolour attributed to William Robertson (1770-1850), and probably dating from the 1820s, shows a design proposal for altering the Georgian house in the Gothick taste. Although this proposal was not executed, it bears some similarities (for example in the end elevations) to the remodelling which is believed to have been carried out for Nicholas Aylward (d. 1832) in the 1820s. On this basis, the changes of this date are normally attributed to William Robertson. He crenellated the end bays, linked them by a Gothic porch, and raised one of them to look like a tower. A new dining room running from the front of the house to the back was added on the left, and a castellated office wing on the right, effectively breaking up the symmetry of the original design. The back of the house, which is more irregular, is treated in much the same way, and adorned with a delightful Gothic conservatory on the level of the half-landing of the stairs, carried on a stone arcade.


Shankill Castle: additions and alterations proposed by W.D. Butler, 1854. Image: Irish Architectural Archive.



Shankill Castle: the Gothic conservatory
In 1854, James Kearney Aylward (1811-84) brought in William Deane Butler (d. 1857) to make further changes to the house. The dining room was transformed into a Victorian drawing room featuring an impressively-carved white marble chimneypiece which Aylward purchased in Milan in 1860. The hall was refitted with floor-to-ceiling timber panelling while the room beyond, previously a saloon, became the new dining room and was given a large Tudor-headed buffet niche and a new Gothic bay window. Surviving plans show that the room to the north of the hall was intended as a billiard room while a study was provided in the new wing.

After Butler died in 1857 work may have been continued by Richard Turner (1798-1881), who is thought to have designed the conservatory, built in 1861 and demolished in 1961, which opened off the drawing room


Shankill Castle: entrance front in the late 19th century, showing the conservatory added in 1861. Image: Irish Architectural Archive.


Descent: sold c.1708 to Peter Aylward (d. c.1720); to son, Nicholas Aylward (1688-1756); to son, Nicholas Aylward (c.1725-72); to son, Peter Aylward (d. 1792); to son, Nicholas John Patrick Aylward (1787-1832); to son, James Kearney Aylward (later Kearney-Aylward) (1811-84); to nephew, Hector James Charles Toler (later Toler-Aylward) (1839-1918); to son, Hector James Toler-Aylward (1895-1974); to widow, Zinna Ethel Toler-Aylward (1897-1980); to daughter, Maura Toler-Aylward (1932-2003), who sold 1991 to the artist, Elizabeth Cope.

Aylward of Ballynagar



Aylward, John (d. 1662). Parentage unknown. A Roman Catholic in religion, he was an active supporter of the Catholic Confederation, and as Mayor of Waterford, 1650, he must have played a prominent part in organising the determined resistance of the town during the Siege of Waterford that year, and its eventual capitulation. He seems, however, to have been treated as a non-combatant when the Act for the Settlement of Ireland was imposed in 1652, and although he was stripped of his estate in Co. Waterford he avoided exile and was allowed to claim 3,000 acres in Co. Galway in compensation. He married, 1639, Margaret, daughter of Alderman William Dobbyn of Waterford, and had issue including:
(1) Peter Aylward (b. 1653) (q.v.).
He inherited the Faithlegg (Co. Waterford) estate, and lands around Passage (Co. Waterford) that are said to have totalled some 11,000 acres, from his cousin, Peter Aylward, but this was confiscated by Parliament in 1652. He was instead granted 3,000 acres at Ballynakill in Co. Galway, which became the Ballynagar estate.
He died in 1662. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Aylward, Peter (b. 1653). Only recorded son of John Aylward (d. 1662) and his wife Margaret, daughter of Alderman William Dobbyn of Waterford, born 1653. He conformed to the Protestant religion. He married, before 1685, Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher French of Tyrone (Galway), and had issue:
(1) John Aylward (d. 1731) (q.v.);
(2) Peter Aylward; probably died young;
(3) Mathew Aylward (d. 1739); died unmarried, 1739;
(4) Jane Aylward (1685-1770); married Walter Joyce (1691-1754) of Galway, and had issue;
(5) Honora Aylward (d. 1743); married, as his second wife, Gerald Dillon of Dillon Grove (Roscommon) and had issue two sons and two daughters; died 1743;
(6) Margaret Aylward; married 1st, John Leonard of Carragh (Galway) and 2nd, 1721, Patrick Fitzgerald of Killnecorren (Mayo), and had issue two sons and three daughters.
He inherited the Ballynagar estate from his father in 1662 and came of age in 1674. In 1677 he obtained a confirmation grant from the Crown of the Ballynagar estate.
He died before 1716. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Aylward, John (d. 1731). Eldest son of Peter Aylward (b. 1653) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher French (later St. George) of Tyrone (Galway). He conformed to the Protestant religion, 1725. He married Barbara (d. 1765), daughter of Garrett Nugent of Dysert (Westmeath) and had issue:
(1) John French Aylward (c.1725-1755) (q.v.);
(2) Nugent Sylvester Aylward (c.1728-83) (q.v.);
(3) Michael Widman Aylward (c.1730-85) (q.v.);
(4) Elizabeth Aylward; married Patrick Byrne of Ballyteskin (Leix);
(5) Mary Aylward; married, 9 February 1755, Francis French of Dublin and had issue one daughter;
(6) Barbara Aylward; married Edward O'Brien of Ballysoblona (Westmeath) and had issue;
(7) Bridget Aylward; married, 2 November 1752, John Blake of Ross Lodge (Clare).
He inherited the Ballynagar estate from his father before 1716.
He died in July 1731. His widow died in February 1765.

Aylward, John French (c.1725-55). Eldest son of John Aylward (d. 1731) and his wife Barbara, daughter of Garrett Nugent of Dysert (Westmeath), born about 1725. He may be the John Aylward admitted to Trinity College, Dublin in 1739/40. He was unmarried and without issue.
He inherited the Ballynagar estate from his father in 1731 as a minor.
He died 30 September 1755; administration of his goods was granted to his mother in 1756.

Aylward, Nugent Sylvester (c.1728-83). Second son of John Aylward (d. 1731) and his wife Barbara, daughter of Garrett Nugent of Dysert (Westmeath), born about 1728. Clerk to Michael Archbold of Dublin, merchant, until he inherited the family estate. He conformed to the Protestant religion in 1756. He married, 5 February 1757, Catherine (d. 1786), daughter of Patrick French (later St. George) of Tyrone (Galway), and had issue:
(1) Mary Aylward (d. 1789); married 1st, 23 February 1780, Edmund Blake (d. 1782) of Ballyglunin Park (Galway) and had issue one son (who died young); married 2nd, 19 July 1788, Col. John Blake of Furbo (Galway); died 1789.
He inherited the Ballynagar estate from his elder brother in 1755.
He died 10 August 1783, and his will was proved later that year. His wife conformed to the Protestant religion, 1763, and died 27 December 1786; her will was proved in 1787.

Aylward, Michael Widman (c.1730-85). Youngest son of John Aylward (d. 1731) and his wife Barbara, daughter of Garrett Nugent of Dysert (Westmeath), born about 1730. He seems to have been brought up as a Roman Catholic, and as a young man served for some time in the Spanish army, for which he was outlawed but received a royal pardon in 1759/60. He conformed to the Protestant religion in 1780. He married 1st, Sarah, daughter of Patrick French (later St. George) of Tyrone (Galway), and 2nd, 16 December 1784, Jane (d. 1835), daughter of Hyacinth Daly of Killimore Castle (Galway), and had issue:
(1.1) Capt. John Michael Nugent Aylward (1780-1861) (q.v.);
(1.2) Barbara Aylward (d. 1822); married, 15 October 1800 at St Finbar RC church, Cork, William Mahony of Rockvale (Cork); died 24 December 1822;
(1.3) Mary Aylward; married 1st, 9 January 1802, William Burke of Moyglass (Galway), and 2nd, 17 January 1808, Thomas L. Whistler, surgeon;
(2.1) Michael Aylward (1785-1824) of Galway; died unmarried, 27 April 1824.
He inherited the Ballynagar estate from his elder brother in 1783.
He died 10 June 1785; administration of his goods was granted in 1786. His first wife died before 1784. His widow married 2nd, Capt. Averell Lecky (c.1760-1834) of Castle Lecky (Co. Derry) and died 13 January 1835.

Aylward, Capt. John Michael Nugent (1780-1861). Only son of Michael Widman Aylward (d. 1785) and his first wife, Sarah, daughter of Patrick French (later St. George) of Tyrone (Galway), born 15 November 1780. An officer in the 5th Dragoon Guards (Capt.). He brought an unsuccessful case against the architect Richard Morrison for adultery with his wife, 1815. From 1819 until the end of his life he was chronically indebted, and his estates were under the management of a receiver appointed by Chancery. He married, 29 November 1803 at Alnwick (Northbld) (sep. c.1815), Jane (d. 1864), daughter of Anthony Lambert of Alnwick, and had issue:
(1) Cicely Connolly Aylward (1807-44) (q.v.); 
(2) John Michael Aylward (1809-67) (q.v.).
He inherited the Ballynagar estate from his father in 1785 and came of age in 1801; he employed Richard Morrison to  rebuilt the house after 1807.
He died 28 September 1861; administration of his goods was granted 13 July 1861 (effects under £5). His widow lived latterly at a temperance hotel in Carlisle (Cumbld), and died 7 May 1864; her will was proved 16 May 1865 (effects under £2,000).

Aylward, John Michael (1809-67). Only son of Capt. John Michael Nugent Aylward (1780-1861) and his wife Jane, daughter of Anthony Lambert of Alnwick (Northbld), born 13 March 1809. Elected a member of the Royal Agricultural Society of Ireland, 1865. He married, 12/22 December 1831 (sep.), Mary (d. 1864), daughter of Thomas Higgins of Carropadin (Galway), but had no issue.
He inherited the Ballynagar estate from his father in 1861. At his death it passed to his nephew, John Michael Aylward Lewis (1827-73) (q.v.).
He died 14 April 1867; administration of his goods was granted 24 May 1867 (effects under £6,000). His wife died 25 December 1864.

Aylward, Cicely Connolly (1807-44). Only daughter of Capt. John Michael Nugent Aylward (1780-1861) and his wife Jane, daughter of Anthony Lambert of Alnwick (Northbld), born 10 September and baptised 13 September 1807 at Alnwick. She married, 20 June 1824 at Mallow (Cork), Richard Tonson Lewis (c.1800-51), second son of Richard Lewis, and had issue:
(1) Olivia Barbara Lewis (c.1825-95), born about 1825; died unmarried, 8 November 1895; administration of her goods was granted 9 December 1895 (effects £1,958);
(2) John Michael Aylward Lewis (1827-73) (q.v.).
She died 1 February 1844. Her husband died 23 October 1851.

Lewis, John Michael Aylward (1827-73). Only son of Richard Tonson Lewis (d. 1851) and his wife Cicely Connolly (d. 1844), daughter of Capt. John Michael Nugent Aylward of Ballynagar, born 12 March 1827. An officer in 5th Dragoon Guards and Cork Artillery (2nd Lt., 1855; Lt., 1856). JP for Co. Galway. He married, 7 April 1853 at St Mark, Dublin, Hannah (d. 1913), daughter of Thomas Roberts White of Mountrath (Leix), and had issue:
(1) John Michael Aylward Lewis (1854-1917) (q.v.);
(2) Dr. Thomas White Lewis (1855-1907), born 8 January 1855; educated at Trinity College, Dublin (BA 1877; gold medallist; MD 1883); physician and surgeon at King's Cliffe (Northants); member of the Senate of Dublin University; member of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland; served as a parish and district councillor and was Chairman of his local Conservative Club; died 8 April 1907 and was buried in Ireland; will proved 7 June 1907 (estate £4,982);
(3) twin, Richard George Lewis (1857-81), born 19 February 1857; an officer in the Galway militia (2nd Lt., 1875; Lt., 1877); died unmarried when he was accidentally drowned in Lough Derg attempting to save the life of another, 31 January 1881;
(4) twin, Annie Lewis (b. 1857), born 19 February 1857; perhaps died young;
(5) Dr. Robert Travers Lewis (1859-1906), born 19 March 1859; educated at Trinity College, Dublin (MB 1885; BS 1886); physician and surgeon at Willingham (Cambs), 1890-1906 and local Medical Officer of Health; served as a parish councillor and was closely involved in many village societies and clubs; married, 3 September 1890 at St Stephen, Twickenham (Middx), Emily Mary Frances (1862-1927), daughter of Thomas Twamley, and had issue one son (Sir Richard George Aylward Lewis (1895-1965)) and five daughters; died of pneumonia, 2 December 1906 and was buried at Willingham; will proved 8 January 1907 (estate £2,161);
(6) Henry Hull Lewis (1860-1940), born 15 December 1860; educated at Trinity College, Dublin (BA); JP for Co. Galway; farmed on the family estate until c.1907 and later moved to Balbriggan (Dublin); died 6 June 1940; will proved in Dublin, 28 August 1940 (effects in Ireland, £11,693) and in Llandudno, 29 October 1940 (effects in England, £13,198);
(7) Lt-Col. George White Lewis (1863-1951), born 29 May 1863; educated at Rathmines School (Capt. of the School) and RMC Sandhurst; an officer in Worcestershire Regiment (Lt., 1885; Capt., 1891; Maj.; Brevet Lt-Col., 1902), who served in South Africa, 1899-1902; returned to the army as Col. of 1st Battn, Royal Warwickshire Regiment, 1914-15; died in Dublin, 30 January 1951;
(8) Hannah Blanche Lewis (1865-1950), born 20 June 1865; educated at Alexandra College and Royal University of Ireland; died unmarried, 29 October 1950; administration of goods granted in Dublin, 17 January 1951 (estate in Ireland, £16,987) and in London, 13 February 1951 (estate in England, £20,735).
He inherited the Ballynagar estate from his maternal uncle in 1867. At his death he left his widow a life interest in the estate; she was forced to sell much of the land to the Estates Commission in 1907.
He died 26 May 1873. His widow died in Dublin, 24 June 1913.

Lewis, John Michael Aylward (1854-1917). Eldest son of John Michael Aylward Lewis (1827-73) and his wife Hannah, daughter of Thomas Roberts White, born 1 February 1854. JP for Co. Galway from 1880; High Sheriff of Co. Galway, 1903. In 1904-07 he and his brother (H.H. Lewis) were involved in a much-publicised dispute with the Estates Commissioners about the terms for the sale of estate lands to the Commission, and the reinstatement of evicted tenants. He married, 4 December 1889, Catherine Frances (c.1869-1956), only daughter of Edward Jonas Greene of Newstead (Dublin), and had issue:
(1) Kathleen Adelaide Lewis (1890-1979), born 29 August 1890; educated at University College, Dublin; married, 5 November 1919 at Kingstown (Dublin), Wilfrid Hugh Payton (1892-1965), later Chief Secretary to the Government of Burma, son of Hugh Payton, merchant, but had no issue; died 5 January 1979; will proved 15 February 1979 (estate £94,733);
(2) John Aylward Lewis (1893-1951) (q.v.).
He inherited Ballynagar on the death of his mother in 1913.
He died 28 October 1917; administration of his goods was granted in Dublin, 15 March 1918 and in London, 27 March 1918 (estate in England £5,171). His widow died 11 August 1956 and was buried at Deansgrange Cemetery, Dublin; her will was proved 7 March 1957 (estate in Ireland, £1,766) and administration of her goods was granted in London, 3 June 1957 (estate in England, £362).

Lewis, John Aylward (1893-1951). Only son of John Michael Aylward Lewis (1854-1917) and his wife Catherine Frances, only daughter of Edward Jonas Greene of Newstead (Dublin), born 23 July 1893. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin. President of the Boula Young Farmers Club. He married, 1915, Dorothy Tighe (c.1889-1979), second daughter of William M'Gusty of The Red House, Skerries (Dublin), but had no issue.
He inherited Ballynagar from his father in 1917, but sold it in the 1920s and lived subsequently at Derrahiney, Ballinasloe (Galway).
He died in Dublin, 15 February 1951 and was buried at Christchurch, Portumna (Galway); his will was proved 23 November 1951 (estate in Ireland, £10,669). His widow died in Cork, 12 January 1979, aged 90, and was also buried at Portumna; her will was proved 14 August 1979 (estate in England & Wales, £20,246).


Aylward (later Toler-Aylward) family of Shankill Castle



Aylward, Peter alias Piers (d. c.1720). Only recorded son of Nicholas Aylward (fl. 1653) and his wife Ellen, daughter of James Kelly of Gowran (Kilkenny). A Roman Catholic in religion, who fought in the Jacobite army, 1688-90, and was outlawed, but later conformed to the established church. He married, c.1685, Elizabeth (d. 1708), eldest daughter and eventual co-heiress of Sir Richard Butler, 2nd bt., of Paulstown (Kilkenny), and had issue including:
(1) Nicholas Aylward (1688-1756) (q.v.).
He inherited Aylwardstown House from his father but lost it on his outlawry. He did, however, subsequently lease back much of the estate from Lord Duncannon. He inherited an interest in Shankill Castle in right of his wife, and apparently bought the estate after his wife's death in 1708. He built a new house (incorporating the old tower) at Shankill in 1708-13.
He died between 1719 and 1725. His wife died in 1708.

Aylward, Nicholas (1688-1756). Eldest son of Peter Aylward (fl. 1713) and his wife Elizabeth, eldest daughter and eventual co-heiress of Sir Richard Butler, 2nd bt., of Paulstown (Kilkenny), born 1688. He was evidently brought up as a Roman Catholic but conformed to the established church in 1711. Educated at Kilkenny College and Middle Temple (admitted 1705/6; called to Irish bar, 1711). Barrister-at-law; Recorder of Thomastown and Gowran (Kilkenny); MP for Thomastown, 1727-56. High Sheriff of Co. Kilkenny, 1742. Sovereign (i.e. Mayor) of Athy, 1733; JP 1754. He married, 3/5 August 1719, Catherine (d. 1756?), second daughter of Maurice Keating of Narraghmore (Co. Kildare), and had issue:
(1) Maurice Aylward; probably died young;
(2) Nicholas Aylward (c.1725-72) (q.v.);
(3) Peter Aylward (d. 1801); died unmarried and without issue and was buried at Gloucester, 1801;
(4) Anne Aylward (d. 1802); married, 6 November 1751, John Vigors (1709-76) of Old Leighlin (Co. Carlow) and had issue three sons and five daughters; died March 1802;
(5) Elizabeth Aylward; married, 4 February 1749, John Hely of Folkes Court (Kilkenny);
(6) Catherine Aylward (d. 1795); died unmarried; buried at Shankill, 20 July 1795;
(7) Mary Aylward (fl. 1772); died unmarried.
He inherited Shankill Castle from his father.
He died 5 June 1756. His widow is perhaps the Mrs Aylward who died at Kilkenny, 5 October 1756.

Aylward, Nicholas (c.1725-72). Elder son of Nicholas Aylward (d. 1786) and his wife Catherine, second daughter of Maurice Keating of Narraghmore (Co. Kildare), born about 1725. Educated at the Middle Temple (admitted 1744). High Sheriff of Co. Kilkenny, 1757. He married 1st, 14 July 1756, Mary (d. 1767), daughter of Benjamin Kearney of Blanchville (Co. Kilkenny), and 2nd, April 1769, Susanna (d. 1775), widow of Edmund Waring, and had issue:
(1.1) Peter Aylward (d. 1792) (q.v.);
(1.2) Nicholas Aylward (fl. 1772); died unmarried;
(1.3) Katherine Aylward (fl. 1772).
He inherited Shankill Castle from his father in 1756. After his death, the husbands of his two married sisters appear to have disputed the legitimacy of his children and promoted the claim of their wives and his unmarried sisters to succeed to the estate. The latter, however, caused a press advertisement to appear asserting the prior claim of their brother Peter Aylward (d. 1801). In the event, the legitimacy of his children was accepted and they were made wards of Chancery.
He died 1 August 1772. His first wife died December 1767. His widow married 3rd, October 1772, Rev. Henry Candler, and died 4 August 1775.

Aylward, Peter (d. 1792). Elder son of Nicholas Aylward (d. 1772) and his first wife, Mary, daughter of Benjamin Kearney of Blanchville (Co. Kilkenny), born about 1760. He and his siblings were wards of the Irish Court of Chancery, which in 1772 appointed his grandfather, Benjamin Kearney, as their guardian. He married Anne Kearney of New Ross (Co. Waterford), and had issue:
(1) Nicholas John Patrick Aylward (1787-1832) (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Aylward (b. 1788), baptised 10 March 1788 at Old Leighlin; probably died young;
(3) Michael Thomas Aylward (b. 1790), baptised 2 January 1790 at Old Leighlin.
He inherited Shankill Castle from his father in 1772.
He died in 1792; his will was proved at Dublin, 1792. His widow's date of death is unknown.

Aylward, Nicholas John Patrick (1787-1832). Only child of Peter Aylward (d. 1792) and his wife Anne Kearney of New Ross (Co. Waterford), baptised 17 March 1787 at Old Leighlin. Educated at Kilkenny and Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1804). High Sheriff of Co. Kilkenny, 1816-17. He married, 1805, Elizabeth (d. 1851), eldest daughter of James Kearney of Blanchville (Co. Kilkenny), and had issue:
(1) Mary Anne Aylward (c.1807-50) (q.v.);
(2) Elizabeth Aylward (d. by 1857); married, 5 February 1840 at St Peter, Dublin, Rev. Henry Clopton Keogh (c.1814-61) of Trudder (Wicklow), son of Rev. John Keogh of Cloonslanor, Strokestown, and had issue two sons and one daughter; died before 1857;
(3) Susanna Aylward (d. 1857) of Clonsingle House; died unmarried, 27 October 1857; will proved in Dublin;
(4) James Kearney Aylward (later Kearney-Aylward) (1811-84) (q.v.);
(5) Nicholas Aylward (b. c.1813); died young;
(6) Peter Charles Aylward (b. c.1815); educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1833; BA 1837); died unmarried and without issue;
(7) Catherine Waller Aylward (d. 1889); died unmarried, 29 January 1889;
(8) Meriel Anne Aylward (d. 1897); married, 16 May 1849 at St Peter, Dublin, Robert Saunders Young (1829-82) of Clonsingle House (Tipperary), son of Robert Saunders Young, and had issue; died 23 December 1897.
He inherited Shankill Castle from his father in 1792 and came of age in 1808; he remodelled the house in the 1820s, probably to the designs of William Robertson.
He died in Dublin, 6 March 1832 and his will was proved there, 1832. His widow died 25 February 1851.

Aylward (later Kearney-Aylward), James Kearney (1811-84). Eldest son of Nicholas John Patrick Aylward (1787-1832) and his wife Elizabeth, eldest daughter of James Kearney of Blanchville, born 1811. Educated at Eton. DL and JP for Co. Kilkenny; High Sheriff of Co. Kilkenny, 1837. He assumed the additional name of Kearney in 1876, on succeeding to a moiety of the estates of his cousin James Charles Kearney of Blanchville. He married, 25 July 1853 at St. John's Chapel, Edinburgh, Isabella (d. 1881), daughter of Lt-Col. Arthur Forbes and widow of Beauchamp Bartholomew Newton (d. 1850) of Rathwade (Co. Carlow), but had no issue.
He inherited Shankill Castle from his father in 1832 and made alterations to the house c.1854-61. At his death it passed to his nephew, Hector James Charles Toler (later Toler-Aylward).
He died 1 February 1884; his will was proved at Kilkenny, 29 March 1884 (effects in Ireland, £18,250; effects in England, £8,892). His wife died in Dublin, 5 August 1881.

Aylward, Mary Anne (c.1807-50). Eldest daughter of Nicholas John Patrick Aylward (1787-1832) and his wife Elizabeth, eldest daughter of James Kearney of Blanchville, born about 1807. She married, 24 February 1835 at St George, Dublin, Rev. Peter Toler (1803-83) of Bloomfield (Roscommon), vicar of Durrow (Meath), 1830-46, son of Rev. John Toler, rector of Kentstown (Meath), and had issue:
(1) Meriel Elizabeth Toler (c.1836-1912), born about 1836; married, 13 October 1869 at Donnybrook (Dublin), Robert Devenish (c.1826-80) of Cloonfinlough House (Roscommon), youngest son of William Devenish of Mount Pleasant (Roscommon) and had issue two daughters; died 20 July 1912;
(2) Hector James Charles Toler (later Toler-Aylward) (1839-1918) (q.v.).
She and her husband lived at Durrow (Meath) until 1846 and then at Douglas (Isle of Man). After 1854 her husband returned to Bloomfield, Kilcooley (Roscommon).
She was buried at Onchan (Isle of Man), 21 July 1850. Her husband died at Bloomfield, 14 May 1883, and was buried at Strokestown (Roscommon); his will was proved 16 July 1883 (effects £1,644).

Toler (later Toler-Aylward), Hector James Charles (1839-1918). Only son of Rev. Peter Toler (1803-83) and his wife Mary, daughter of Nicholas John Patrick Aylward, born 13 June 1839. JP and DL for Co. Kilkenny; High Sheriff of Co. Kilkenny, 1886. He assumed the additional name of Aylward by royal licence, 1884, on inheriting the Shankill Castle estate from his maternal uncle. He married, 24 April 1894 at Monkstown (Dublin), Emily Mary Eliza (1853-1934), only child of James Butler of Verona, Monkstown, and had issue:
(1) Hector James Toler-Aylward (1895-1974) (q.v.);
(2) Lt-Col. Victor George Toler-Aylward (1897-1976) of The Grange, Moreton Pinkney (Northants), born 11 October 1897; educated at Radley College and RMC Sandhurst; an officer in the 2nd Dragoon Guards (2nd Lt., 1916; Lt., 1918; Capt., 1923; retired 1936; returned to service 1939; Maj., 1941; Lt-Col. on retirement, 1947) who served in First and Second World Wars; Secretary of the Grafton Hunt, 1945-54; married, 25 October 1933, Barbara Eleanor Margaret (1904-94), eldest daughter of Maj. Edwin Philip Abel Smith of Wendover (Bucks), and had issue two daughters; died 6 June 1976 and was buried at Shankill; will proved 4 November 1976 (estate £27,861).
He inherited the Shankill Castle estate from his uncle in 1884 and Bloomfield (Roscommon) from his father in 1883. He undertook some redecoration at Shankill in 1894.
He died 28 July 1918; his will was proved at Kilkenny, 14 April 1919. His widow died at Shankill, 23 January 1934; her will was proved 18 May 1934 (estate in England, £2,173).

Toler-Aylward, Hector James (1895-1974). Elder son of Hector James Charles Toler-Aylward (1839-1918) and his wife Emily Mary Eliza, only child of James Butler of Verona, Monkstown (Dublin), born 9 March 1895. Educated at Seafield Engineering College and Trinity Hall, Cambridge. An officer in the army during the First World War. President of the Royal Dublin Society, 1959-62. He married, 6 June 1929 at Crossmolina (Mayo), Zinna Ethel (1897-1980), younger daughter of Ernest Henry Knox of Greenwood Park, Crossmolina, and had issue:
(1) Zinna Mary (k/a Maura) Toler-Aylward (1932-2003), born 14 December 1932; died unmarried, 19 February 2003 and was buried at Shankill;
(2) Nicola Elizabeth Toler-Aylward (b. 1936), born 26 March 1936; lived at Shankill Castle with her elder sister until it was sold;
(3) Ada Jillian Toler-Aylward (b. 1938), born 16 December 1938; nurse; married Dr. [forename unknown] Douad.
He inherited the Shankill Castle estate from his father in 1918. At his death it passed to his widow, and on her death in 1980 to his elder daughter, who sold it in 1991.
He died 1 October 1974 and was buried at Shankill; his will was proved 5 January 1976 (estate in England & Wales, £16,967). His widow died 16 March 1980 and was also buried at Shankill.


Sources


Burke's Landed Gentry of Ireland, 1912, pp. 403-04 and Irish Family Records, 1976, pp. 43-44; Dublin Daily Express, 15 July 1907, p. 6; J.C. Walton, 'The Aylwards of Ballynagar', Irish Genealogist, vi, 1973, pp. 594-96; A.M. Rowan (ed.), The architecture of Richard Morrison and William Vitruvius Morrison, 1989, pp. 22-23; M. Bence-Jones, A guide to Irish country houses, 2nd edn., 1990, p. 258; E.M. Johnston-Liik, History of the Irish Parliament, 2002, vol. 3, pp. 119-20; P. Melvin, Estates and landed society in Galway, 2012, pp. 57, 175; http://www.buildingsofireland.ie/niah/search.jsp?type=record&county=KK&regno=12306002http://www.buildingsofireland.ie/Surveys/Buildings/BuildingoftheMonth/Archive/Name,2504,en.html.


Location of archives


Aylward family of Shankill Castle: deeds and papers, 1734-19th cent. [Private Collection. Enquiries to National Library of Ireland.]


Coat of arms


Aylward: Azure, a fleur-de-lis between two estoiles of six points in bend dexter, and as many increscants in bend sinister, or.
Toler-Aylward (granted in 1884): Quarterly, 1st and 4th, azure, a fleur-de-lis between two estoiles of six points in bend dexter, and as many increscants in bend sinister, or; 2nd and 3rd, argent on a cross gules between four oak leaves vert, a fleur-de-lis or.


Can you help?


Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch.

  • Can anyone provide information about the 20th century ownership of Ballynagar, or any photographs of the interior?
  • The genealogical information for the earlier generations in this account is particularly deficient, and I should be most grateful to receive additional information from anyone who has had the opportunity to examine relevant original sources.



Revision and acknowledgements


This post was first published 25 May 2017.

Saturday, 13 May 2017

(261) Aylmer of Lyons, Courtown, Kerdiffstown and Ayesha Castle

Aylmer of Lyons etc.
The Aylmer family were settled at Lyons (Co. Kildare) by the close of the 14th century, and possibly significantly earlier. Richard Aylmer was a Keeper of the Peace for counties Dublin and Kildare in the early 15th century, and my genealogical account below begins with his grandson, Bartholomew Aylmer (d. 1501). He had two sons, the elder of whom inherited Lyons and the younger of whom, Sir Gerald Aylmer, was the ancestor of the baronets of Balrath (Meath) and the Barons Aylmer. I have not attempted to trace the Balrath branch as they seem never to have built a country house. This account follows the descent of the Lyons estate, ultimately sold by Michael Aylmer in 1796 under the pressure of crippling debts, and of the cadet branch which was established at Ballycannon, Cloncurry in the early 17th century and later came to own Courtown Park, Kerdiffstown House and Ayesha Castle.

The Lyons estate descended to Bartholomew's eldest son, Richard Aylmer (c.1479-1553), and then to the latter's son, Richard Aylmer (1509-59), who purchased the Donadea estate (Co. Kildare) in about 1558 and left it to his third son, Sir Gerald Aylmer (1548-1634), 1st bt. [for whom see my post on the Aylmer baronets of Donadea]. The Lyons estate passed to his eldest son, Thomas Aylmer (c.1541-87), and then to the latter's son, Bartholomew Aylmer (d. c.1597). Bartholomew died young, and his heir, Thomas Aylmer (c.1586-1639) did not come of age until 1607. Thomas was slow to marry and procreate, and at his death left a single daughter, so Lyons passed to his younger brother, George Aylmer (d. 1649). George left a single son, Thomas Aylmer (d. 1682), who intermarried with the branch of the family at Donadea Castle. As Roman Catholics, his sons were supporters of the Jacobite cause and were in arms against William III. George Aylmer (1663-1729) was allowed to keep the Lyons estate under the Treaty of Limerick, but his brother Richard - who went into exile with James II in France - was attainted and did not have licence to return to Ireland until 1705. A third brother, Gerald Aylmer, may be identifiable as the man of that name who was injured and captured during the siege of Derry, and not released until 1691. George Aylmer was succeeded by his son Gerald Aylmer (c.1690-1729), who was also a Jacobite and who was implicated in the Atterbury plot of 1720-22; he survived his father by only a few weeks, and left as heir his infant sons George Aylmer (d. 1732) and Michael Aylmer (1728-1808), whose spendthrift ways caused the break-up of the estate and ultimately the sale of Lyons itself.

John Aylmer (d. 1632) was the youngest son of Thomas Aylmer (d. 1587) of Lyons, and seems to have been bequeathed the small estate of Ballycannon at Cloncurry by his father. There seems never to have been a house of any consequence at Ballycannon, and the family were at best borderline gentry, sustained in gentility chiefly by their connections with the Aylmers of Lyons, Balrath and Donadea, until the mid 18th century. Charles Aylmer (c.1715-72) then acquired the Grange alias Grangemore estate. His son, Michael Aylmer (c.1750-c.1810), had a much higher status and served as High Sheriff of Kildare and Colonel of the county militia. He bought Courtown Park in about 1792, but his house there was burned down in 1798 during the rebellion of that year. His son, John Aylmer (1783/4-1857) rebuilt Courtown Park in about 1815, and left the estate at his death to his son Michael Henry Aylmer (1831-85). Michael married the daughter and heiress of Hans Hendrick of Kerdiffstown House (Kildare) in 1853, and as a result of that marriage Kerdiffstown also came into the family in 1889. Michael's eldest son, Maj. John Algernon Aylmer (1853-1924) inherited Courtown, and the next surviving son, Hans Hendrick-Aylmer (1856-1917) got Kerdiffstown. Courtown passed in 1924 to Major Aylmer's son, Maj. John Wyndham Aylmer (1889-1953), who sold it in 1947. Kerdiffstown passed in 1917 to Hans Hendrick-Aylmer's youngest brother, Algernon Ambrose Michael Aylmer (1857-1933), and then to his son, Col. Richard Michael Aylmer (1887-1975), who sold it in 1938. After the Second World War, however, Col. Aylmer bought Ayesha Castle at Killiney (Co. Dublin) as a replacement family home, and his son, Justin Aylmer (b. 1940) lived there until he sold it in 1997.


Lyons, Co. Kildare


There are fragmentary remains of a small tower house called Newcastle Lyons Castle which may be the original home of the Aylmer family, but if so it is not clear when it was abandoned, or what the later house of the family at Lyons was like. In the 18th century Michael Aylmer became indebted to Nicholas Lawless, 1st Baron Cloncurry, and in 1796 he sold the estate to him. Lord Cloncurry at once built a new house here in 1797, to the design of Oliver Grace: a three-storey block with a curved bow to either side of its entrance front, joined to two-storey wings by curving single-storey links. 


Lyons House: the entrance front, built in 1797-99 and remodelled by Richard Morrison in 1802-05. Image: aj vosse

The 2nd Baron Cloncurry, who was a friend of some of the leading United Irishmen, was arrested and imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1799, but after his release in 1801 he brought in Richard Morrison to carry out improvements and alterations to his father's house in 1802-05. Lord Cloncurry, who decamped to Italy while his house was remodelled, fancied himself as an amateur architect, and had decided views about the improvements, which he expressed in letters to his agent. Morrison had not only to accommodate his employer's ideas but also the columns, chimneypieces and statuary which Lord Cloncurry collected in Italy for the house. His acquisitions included four antique columns of red Egyptian granite from the Golden House of Nero and the Baths of Titus, which had been reused at the Palazzo Farnese in Rome and which at Lyons became columns of a single-storey portico between the bows on the entrance front. In addition to constructing the portico, Richard Morrison faced the ground floor of the main block and wings with rusticated ashlar, and replaced the curved links to the pavilions with straight colonnaded ones, a similar change to the one he carried out at Carton (Kildare). The seven-bay garden front was left quite plain.


Lyons House: the drawing room

Inside, Morrison deepened the hall and dining room by removing - against his better judgement - the axial corridor which ran across the house behind them. The corridor wall supported the weight of the walls above, and large settlement cracks in the hall and dining room ceilings resulted. The hall was given a frieze of ox-skulls and tripods based on the Temple of Fortuna Virilis in Rome; doorcases with fluted entablatures and overdoor panels with classical reliefs; and a pair of freestanding antique marble Corinthian columns were set against one wall. The walls of the dining room and music room were painted with romantic landscapes, including views of Irish waterfalls, and other enchanting decoration by Gaspare Gabrielli, an artist brought by Lord Cloncurry from Rome. The bow-ended dining room was also given a wall-painting of Dublin Bay; and was adorned with reliefs of the story of Daedalus.

At some point in the 19th century a vast formal garden was laid out in front of the flat garden facade of the house, with many statues and urns and an antique column supporting a statue of Venus halfway along the the broad central walk leading from the house to what is the largest artificial lake in Ireland. Beyond the lake rises the wooded Hill of Lyons. 

Descent: Bartholomew Aylmer (d. 1501); to son, Richard Aylmer (c.1479-1553?), to son, Richard Aylmer (1509-59); to son, Thomas Aylmer (c.1541-87); to son, Bartholomew Aylmer (d. c.1597); to son, Thomas Aylmer (c.1586-1639); to brother, George Aylmer (d. 1649); to son, Thomas Aylmer (d. 1682); to son, George Aylmer (1663-1729); to son, Gerald Aylmer (c.1690-1729); to son, George Aylmer (d. 1732); to brother, Michael Aylmer (1728-1808), who sold 1796 to Sir Nicholas Lawless (1735-99), 1st Baron Cloncurry; to son, Valentine Browne Lawless (1773-1853), 2nd Baron Cloncurry; to son, Edward Lawless (1816-69), 3rd Baron Cloncurry; to son, Valentine Lawless (1840-1928), 4th Baron Cloncurry; to brother, Frederick Lawless (1847-1929), 5th Baron Cloncurry; to niece, Hon. Kathleen Emily Marie Lawless (1888-1957); bequeathed to cousin, G. Mark Winn (of Aldby Park, Yorks), who sold 1962 to University College, Dublin; sold 1996 to Dr. Tony Ryan (1936-2007); sold by his executors 2016 to his son, Shane Ryan (b. c.1972).


Courtown Park, Kilcock, Co. Kildare


Courtown Park: the house in 2015.

The house is approached by a beech avenue, half a mile long. It is now a plain two-storey house of c.1815, built by John Aylmer to replace an earlier house here, which was burned and looted in 1798 during the ownership of his father, Michael Aylmer, who had been unable to rebuild it because he received insufficient compensation from the state. It has a five-bay front with strip pilasters. The house was much enlarged by Richard Francis Caulfield Orpen in 1906 for Major J.A. Aylmer, who added a wing at right-angles to the original block to form a new entrance front, with a three-sided bow and an open porch, at one side of a pedimented projection. The new wing contains, among other rooms, a hall with a massive oak staircase.

Descent: sold c.1792 to Michael Aylmer (1750-1828?); to son, John Aylmer (1783/4-1857); to son, Michael Henry Aylmer (1831-85); to son, Maj. John Algernon Aylmer (1853-1924); to son, Maj. John Wyndham Aylmer (1889-1953), who sold 1947 to George Drummond... occupied in the 1950s by the American film producer, John Huston and his daughter Anjelica;... Mr. & Mrs. John O'Brien (fl. c.1980); sold 1981 to Brendon O'Mahoney; sold 2015 to Luke Comer.


Kerdiffstown House, Johnstown, Co. Kildare


Kerdiffstown House. Image: Society of St. Vincent de Paul.

A three-storey seven by three bay 18th century stone house with rusticated brick surrounds to the windows, originally belonging to the Hendricks family. The full-height canted bow now occupying the central three bays of the main front and containing the entrance door is probably a later addition as it is of brick, whereas the wall behind is of stone. One of the three bay end elevations has round-headed fanlighted windows on the ground floor, recessed in blind arches filled in with brick. The house by marriage to the Aylmers in 1853 and was sold by Col. R.M. Aylmer in 1938. It subsequently became a convent, and was renovated for this purpose in 1940, when a severely plain apse-ended classical chapel was built; rather later, c.1950, some unsightly additions were made including a modern porch and a two-storey accommodation block. The present horrible plastic windows are a more recent erosion of the historic fabric, probably perpetrated c.1990.

Descent: Hans Hendrick (d. 1889); to grandson, Hans Hendrick Aylmer (later Hendrick-Aylmer) (1856-1917); to brother, Algernon Ambrose Michael Aylmer (1857-1933); to son, Col. Richard Michael Aylmer (1887-1975), who sold 1938 to Dominican order for use as a Convent.... sold to Cement Roadstone Ltd. (fl. 1980); now a Society of St. Vincent de Paul Holiday Centre.


Ayesha Castle, Co. Dublin


Ayesha Castle and Killiney Bay.


A romantic 19th century castle of ashlar with a round tower and various turrets by the side of Killiney Bay, built in 1841 for Robert Warren of Killiney Castle, probably to the designs of his grandson, Sandham Symes. He named it Victoria Castle, in commemoration of the queen's accession to the throne a few years earlier. The house was gutted by fire in 1928, but afterwards restored for Sir Thomas Power, who changed its name to Ayesha Castle, taking the name from the goddess who rose from the flames in Rider Haggard’s novel, She. It was bought by Col. R.M. Aylmer in 1947, and in 1997 the Aylmer family sold it to the renowned Celtic singer, Enya, who renamed it as Manderley Castle, after the fictional house that is a central character in Daphne Du Maurier’s Rebecca.

Descent: Robert Warren (1787-1869); sold to Rev. Humphrey Lloyd (1800-81), Provost of Trinity College, Dublin; to nephew, Clifford Bartholomew Lloyd (1845-1915); to son, Wilmot Humphrey Clifford Lloyd (1879-1948); sold after fire to Sir Thomas Talbot Power (1863-1930), 6th bt., who restored the castle; leased after his death to Hon. David Plunket and John Chalk Barrett (d. 1947); sold after his death to Col. Richard Michael Aylmer (1887-); to sons Justin (b. 1940) and Dennis (b. 1942), who sold 1997 to the Irish singer, Eithne Patricia Ní Bhraonáin (b. 1961), better known as 'Enya'.



Aylmer family of Lyons



Aylmer, Bartholomew (d. 1501). Elder son of Richard Aylmer (c.1419-55) of Lyons and his wife Margaret Bathe, born before 1448. He married Margaret (d. 1514), seventh daughter of Sir Christopher Chevers of Ballyhaly and Ballycullen (Wexford) and Macetown (Meath), and had issue four sons and four daughters, including:
(1) Richard Aylmer (c.1479-1553?) (q.v.);
(2) Sir Gerald Aylmer (d. 1560), of Dollardstown (Meath); Chief Justice of Ireland, 1535-59; married and had issue (from whom descended the Aylmer baronets of Balrath and the Barons Aylmer); died 1560;
(3) Anne Aylmer (fl. 1506); married, 1506, as his first wife, Sir Thomas Luttrell of Luttrellstown, Lord Chief Justice of Common Pleas.
He inherited the Lyons estate from his father in 1455.
He died in December 1501. His widow died 2 September 1514.

Aylmer, Richard (c.1479-1553?). Elder son of Bartholomew Aylmer (d. 1501) and his wife Margaret, seventh daughter of Sir Christopher Chevers of Ballyhaly and Ballycullen (Wexford) and Macetown (Meath), born about 1479. Chief Sergeant of Kildare, 1535; High Sheriff of Kildare, 1543. He married Genet, daughter and heiress of Alderman Thomas Tew of Dublin and had issue, possibly among others:
(1) Richard Aylmer (1509-59) (q.v.).
He inherited the Lyons estate from his father in 1501.
He died in 1553? His wife's date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, Richard (1509-59). Only recorded son of Richard Aylmer (c.1479-1553?) and his wife Genet, daughter and heiress of Alderman Thomas Tew of Dublin, born 1509. In 1551 he was among those pardoned for causing the death of Donoke O’Dempsie and two others. He married, c.1540, Eleanor (d. c.1593), daughter of Sir George Fleming, kt. and had issue:
(1) Thomas Aylmer (c.1541-87) (q.v.);
(2) George Aylmer (d. 1582), of Cloncurry (Kildare) and Trim (Meath); married Mary (d. 1586), elder daughter of Sir Patrick Hussey, Baron of Galtrim, and had issue three sons; died 26 December 1582;
(3) Sir Gerald Aylmer (1548-1634), kt. and 1st bt. [for whom see my previous post on the Aylmer baronets of Donadea Castle];
(4) Edward Aylmer; married Katherine, daughter of Richard Fitzgerald of Alloone (Kildare);
(5) Mary/Margaret Aylmer; married James Hussey (d. 1603), Baron of Galtrim, and had issue two sons;
(6) Catherine Aylmer; married Robert/Philip Fitzgerald of Allen;
(7) Anne Aylmer; married James Aylmer of Dollardstown;
(8) Elizabeth Aylmer; married Edward Cusack.
He inherited the Lyons estate from his father in 1553?. He purchased the Donadea estate in 1558.
He died in 1559 and was buried at Lyons. His widow married 2nd, Nicholas Hussey, Baron of Galtrim, and died about 1593; she also was buried at Lyons.

Aylmer, Thomas (c.1541-87). Eldest son of Richard Aylmer (1509-59) and his wife Eleanor, daughter of Sir George Fleming, kt., born about 1541. He came of age and had livery of his father's estate, 20 July 1562. A Commissioner to levy food for the army, 1563. He married Alison (d. 1623), daughter of Thomas Cusack of Cussingtown, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and had issue:
(1) Bartholomew Aylmer (d. c.1597) (q.v.);
(2) Richard Aylmer (d. after 1602), of Hartwell; married and had issue four sons; died after 1602;
(3) John Aylmer (d. 1632) [for whom see below, Aylmer family of Ballycannon, Courtown and Kerdiffstown]
(4) Catherine Aylmer; married 1st, James de Bathe, and 2nd, Sir Patrick Fox (d. 1618), kt.;
(5) Rose Aylmer;
(6) Mary Aylmer;
(7) Margaret Aylmer; married Theobald Tuite;
(8) Eleanor Aylmer (d. 1597); married Travers Piphoe; died 1597;
(9) Alison Aylmer.
He inherited the Lyons estate from his father in 1559.
He died 14/15 March 1586/7. His widow died in December 1623.

Aylmer, Bartholomew (d. c.1597). Eldest son of Thomas Aylmer (c.1541-87) and his wife Alison, daughter of Thomas Cusack of Cussingtown, Lord Chancellor of Ireland. He married Cicely, daughter of Robert Piphoe of Hollywood, and had issue, possibly among others:
(1) Thomas Aylmer (c.1586-1639) (q.v.);
(2) George Aylmer (d. 1648/9) (q.v.).
He inherited the Lyons estate from his father in 1587.
He died about 1597. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, Thomas (c.1586-1639). Elder recorded son of Bartholomew Aylmer (d. c.1597) and his wife Cicely, daughter of Robert Piphoe of Hollywood, born about 1586. After his father's death he was made a ward of William Udall until he came of age. He married, c.1627/8 (settlement 16 February), Mabel (d. c.1654), daughter of Sir Patrick Barnewall, 1st bt., of Turvey (Co. Dublin), and had issue:
(1) Ellen or Catherine Aylmer.
He inherited the Lyons estate from his father in c.1597 and came of age in 1607. At his death he was succeeded by his brother George.
He died 3 November 1639 and was buried at Lyons. His wife made her will 11 December 1654 and probably died soon afterwards.

Aylmer, George (d. 1649). Younger recorded son of Bartholomew Aylmer (d. c.1597) and his wife Cicely, daughter of Robert Piphoe of Hollywood. He married Margaret, daughter of Meyler Fay of Herbertstown (Kildare) and widow of Robert Bathe of Lea (Co. Leix), and had issue:
(1) Thomas Aylmer (d. 1681/2) (q.v.);
(2) Mary Aylmer; married Patrick Weldon (d. 1684) of Knockagh (Meath).
He inherited the Lyons estate from his brother Thomas in about 1639
He died in March 1648/9. 

Aylmer, Thomas (d. 1682). Only recorded son of George Aylmer (d. 1648/9). He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Andrew Aylmer, 2nd bt., of Donadea Castle, and had issue four sons and seven daughters, including:
(1) George Aylmer (1663-1729) (q.v.);
(2) Richard Aylmer (fl. 1705); went into exile in France with King James II, 1690, but had licence to return to Ireland, 1705;
(3) Gerald Aylmer; possibly to be identified with the 'Gerald Aylmer' who served in King James' army at the Siege of Derry but was taken prisoner by the besieged in a sally, called the Battle of Windmill Hill, along with Lord Netterville and many others, in which about 200 were killed, and Netterville and Aylmer were badly wounded; they were then treated with kindness, and the respect due to their rank, being confined in a private house, and eventually exchanged in 1691; subsequently attainted for Jacobitism;
(4) Margaret Aylmer; married Col. Richard Eustace;
(5) Elizabeth Aylmer; a nun in France;
(6) Cicely Aylmer; died unmarried;
(7) Catherine Aylmer; a nun in France;
(8) Mary Aylmer; married, 1702, William Eustace (d. 1746) of Cradockstown (Kildare) and had issue three sons and one daughter.
He inherited the Lyons estate from his father in 1649.
He died between 16 March 1681/2 and 11 May 1682, when his will was proved, and was buried at Lyons. His widow's date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, George (1663-1729). Eldest son of Thomas Aylmer (d. 1682) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Andrew Aylmer, 2nd bt., of Donadea Castle, born 1663. He took the Jacobite side in the wars of 1688-90 and was a Capt. in King James' Guards, but after the defeat of the Jacobite armies he was allowed to retain his estates under the Treaty of Limerick. MP for Co. Kildare in the 'Patriot Parliament' of 1689. He married, 1685/1689, Mary (1665-1703), eldest daughter of Sir Valentine Browne, 3rd bt. (who was created 1st Viscount Kenmare in the Jacobite peerage by King James II in 1689), and had issue three sons and three daughters, including:
(1) Thomas Aylmer (d. 1709); died young;
(2) Gerald Aylmer (c.1690-1729) (q.v.);
(3) Valentine Aylmer (d. 1737); died unmarried, 1737;
(4) Jane Aylmer; married, c.1718, Pierce Bryan (1682-1762) of Jenkinstown, and had issue four sons and three daughters;
(5) Elizabeth Aylmer (d. 1740); died unmarried, 3 May 1740;
(6) Cicely Aylmer.
He inherited the Lyons estate from his father in 1681/2.
He died 21 January 1729 and was buried at Lyons. His wife died in 1703.

Aylmer, Gerald (c.1690-1729). Son of George Aylmer (1663-1729) and his wife Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Valentine Browne, 3rd bt. (1st Viscount Kenmare in the Jacobite peerage), born about 1688. He was an active Jacobite, and was suspected of involvement in the Atterbury plot of 1720-22, although his involvement was never proved. He married Mary (d. 1778), daughter and co-heiress of Michael Moore of Drogheda (Louth), and had issue:
(1) George Aylmer (d. 1732); inherited the Lyons estate from his father in 1729 but died in 1732 before coming of age;
(2) Mary Aylmer;
(3) Michael Aylmer (c.1728-1808) (q.v.);
(4) Alice Aylmer (b. 1729), born after her father's death.
He inherited the Lyons estate from his father in 1729 but died shortly afterwards.
He died about seven weeks after his father, 10 March 1729; his will was proved 18 March 1729. His widow died in London in September 1778.

Aylmer, Michael (c.1728-1808). Younger son of Gerald Aylmer (c.1690-1729) and his wife Mary, daughter and co-heiress of Michael Moore of Drogheda (Louth). His mother reportedly took him away from the care of his (Protestant) guardians and brought him to London, with the intention that he would be brought up in France in the Roman Catholic religion, but his guardians pursued them to London, where they were brought before the courts, 1736. Whatever his eventual upbringing, the remained a Roman Catholic in religion. He lived beyond his means, and fell into debt, which led inexorably to the sale of his estates from 1758 onwards. He married 1st, 1756, Margaret, only child of George Mathew of Thomastown; 2nd, 8 June 1765, Honora, daughter of Matthew Hore, of Shandon (Waterford) and Agbrahane (Galway); and 3rd, 1770, Mary (b. c.1748), daughter of the Hon. Thomas de Burgh, and had issue:
(1.1) George Aylmer; died young;
(1.2) Gerald Aylmer; died young;
(1.3) Mary Aylmer (d. 1806); married, 24 August 1783 at Lyons, as his second wife, Sir Valentine Browne (1754-1812), 7th bt. and 1st Earl of Kenmare, and had issue four sons and two daughters; died 16 October 1806;
(1.4) Margaret Aylmer (d. 1804?); married, 1783/8, Robert ffrench (c.1762-1811) of Rahasane (Galway) and had issue one son and three daughters; said to have died in 1804;
(3.1) Frances Aylmer (c.1770-1852), born about 1770; married, 1791 (settlement 21 December), Roger Sheehy Keatinge (d. 1828) and had issue one daughter; died 25 October 1852;
(3.2) Thomas Aylmer (b. 1772), baptised at St Mary's R.C. Church, Dublin, 13 September 1772; died young;
(3.3) (Fitz)Gerald Aylmer (1773-1837) (q.v.);
(3.4) Michael Aylmer (c.1775-1830), born about 1775; an officer in the infantry (Capt., 1796; Brevet Major); died unmarried, 15 April 1830.
He inherited the Lyons estate from his elder brother in 1732 and sold it to Sir Nicholas Lawless, 1st Baron Cloncurry in December 1796.
He died in Brussels (Belgium), 6 August 1808. His first wife died before 1765. His second wife died before 1770. His third wife's date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, (Fitz)Gerald (1773-1837). Only surviving son of Michael Aylmer (c.1728-1808) and his third wife, Mary, daughter of the Hon. Thomas de Burgh, baptised at St Mary's R.C. Church, 10 December 1773. He married, 1 May 1811, also at St Mary's, Dublin, Catherine (b. c.1782), eldest daughter of Patrick Lambert of Carnagh (Wexford), and had issue:
(1) Michael Valentine Aylmer (1812-77), born 8 March and baptised at St Mary's RC Church, Dublin, 16 March 1812; an officer in the Kilkenny militia (ensign, 1846); married 1st, June 1836, Emma, youngest daughter of John Adami of Soho, London, and had issue one daughter; married 2nd, 26 April 1841, Marianne, daughter and heir of William Conolly of Dublin and widow of William Kirwan of Wellpark, Dublin, and had issue three sons and five daughters; died at Sandford (Co. Dublin), 1 August 1877;
(2) Mary Anne Aylmer (1813-93), baptised at St Mary's RC Church, Dublin, 25 March 1813; died unmarried in Dublin, 14 December 1893; will proved 24 April 1894 (estate £1,054);
(3) Margaret Aylmer (1814-81), 
baptised at St Mary's RC Church, Dublin, 3 May 1814; married, 2 July 1850, Ambrose Nugent (c.1818-86) of Killasona (Longford); died Oct-Dec 1881;
(4) Frances Aylmer (1815-91); died unmarried in Dublin, 10 September 1891; will proved 5 May 1893 (effects £1,085);
(5) Mary Teresa Georgina Aylmer (b. 1816), 
baptised at St Mary's RC Church, Dublin, 16 August 1816; perhaps died young;
(6) Jane Eliza Aylmer (1818-49), baptised at St Mary's RC Church, Dublin, 18 August 1818; died unmarried, 18 February 1849;
(7) Henry Lambert Aylmer (1820-97), baptised at St Mary's RC Church, Dublin, 11 April 1820; married, 28 Feb. 1842, Esmé, only daughter of Bryan Brady of Stonefield (Meath), and had issue; died 20 July 1897; administration of goods granted 18 May 1900 (effects £104);
(8) Letitia Aylmer (1821-86), baptised at St Mary's RC Church, Dublin, 2 January 1822; married, 9 October 1844, Charles Barnewall (d. 1873) of Meadstown (Meath) and had issue four sons and ten daughters; died 3 March 1886.
He lived at Derry House, Rathcabbin (Tipperary).
He died 9 January 1837. His wife's date of death is unknown.


Aylmer family of Ballycannon, Courtown and Kerdiffstown


Aylmer, John (d. 1632). Youngest son of Thomas Aylmer (c.1541-87) of Lyons and his wife Alison, daughter of Thomas Cusack of Cussingtown, Lord Chancellor of Ireland. He married, 1605, Eleanor Hussey of Moyle Hussey and had issue:
(1) Matthew Aylmer (b. 1606) (q.v.);
(2) George Aylmer (c.1608-after 1624); born about 1608; died unmarried after 1624;
(3) Robert Aylmer (c.1610-after 1624); born about 1610; married Katherine, daughter of Piers Power of Monalargie and had issue one son; died after 1624;
(4) Bartholomew Aylmer (c.1613-before 1681); born about 1613; died before 1681;
(5) Richard Aylmer;
(6) Ellice Aylmer (d. 1684); married Gerald Dillon of Killynin (Westmeath); died 28 September 1684;
(7) Cicely Aylmer;
(8) Alison Aylmer.
He probably inherited Ballycannon, Cloncurry from his father in 1587.
He died 26 or 27 June 1632. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, Matthew (b. 1606). Eldest son of John Aylmer (d. 1632) of Ballycannon and his wife Eleanor Hussey of Moyle Hussey, born 1606. He participated in the rebellion of 1641. He married, 20 February 1624, Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Wogan of Rathcoffey (Kildare) and had issue:
(1) John Aylmer (1626-1702) (q.v.).
He inherited Ballycannon from his father in 1632.
His date of death is unknown. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, John (1626-1702). Only recorded son of Matthew Aylmer (b. 1606) and his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas Wogan of Rathcoffey (Kildare), born 1626. He was perhaps the first member of this branch of the family to conform to the Protestant religion. He married and had issue:
(1) Col. John Aylmer (c.1652-1705) (q.v.);

(2) Richard Aylmer (c.1654-c.1717), born about 1654; married Bridget [surname unknown] and had issue two sons and four daughters; died about 1717;
(3) Matthew Aylmer (b. c.1656); born about 1656;
(4) Thomas Aylmer (b. c.1658); born about 1658;
(5) Alice Aylmer; married, 1707, William Humphreys of Hollywood (Wicklow).
He inherited Ballycannon from his father.
He died in 1702.

Aylmer, Col. John (c.1652-1705). Eldest son of John Aylmer (1626-1702) and his wife, born about 1652. An officer in the Army from c.1682 (Capt. by 1687; Col. by 1690). High Sheriff of Co. Kildare, 1680-85; MP for Naas, 1692-93; Sovereign (i.e. Mayor) of Naas, 1694; Deputy Governor of Co. Kildare, 1699. He married, 1678 (settlement 16 November), Mary, daughter of Thomas Breedon of Bear Court (Berks), and had issue:
(1) John Aylmer (d. 1708) (q.v.);
(2) Thomas Aylmer (b. c.1682), born about 1682; became a Roman Catholic and was cut out of his father's will on that account; died in France;
(3) Charles Aylmer (d. 1754) (q.v.);
(4) Andrew Aylmer (b. c.1687), born about 1687; died without issue;
(5) James Aylmer (b. c.1690), born about 1690; died without male issue;
(6) Matthew Aylmer (b. c.1693), born about 1693; married and had issue;
(7) Dorothy Aylmer; married [forename unknown] Greville;
(8) Elizabeth Aylmer;
(9) Cecily Aylmer;
(10) Lydia Aylmer;
(11) Alice Aylmer;
(12) Anne Aylmer.
He inherited Ballycannon from his father in 1702.
He died in 1705, leaving a will dated 22 March 1704/5 which was proved later that year. His widow married 2nd, George Aylmer; her date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, John (d. 1708). Eldest son of Col. John Aylmer (d. 1705) and his wife Mary, daughter of Thomas Breedon of Bear Court (Berks), born about 1680. He married, 1705, Mary, daughter of Thomas Whyte of Pitchfordstown (Kildare) and had issue:
(1) Martha Aylmer (b. 1706);
(1) John Aylmer (1707-12), born 1707; inherited the Ballycannon estate from his father in 1708, but died young, 26 July 1712.
He inherited Ballycannon from his father in about 1705. After his death it passed to his only son and then to his brother Charles Aylmer (d. 1754).
He died 15 September 1708. His widow married 2nd, Francis Glascock of Dublin; her date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, Charles (c.1685-1754). Third son of Col. John Aylmer (d. after 1705) and his wife Mary, daughter of Thomas Breedon of Bearecourt, born about 1685. High Sheriff of Co. Kildare, 1725. He married [forename unknown], daughter of Col. Gerard Crosbie, and had issue:
(1) Charles Aylmer (c.1715-c.1772) (q.v.);
(2) John Aylmer (c.1718-before 1754), born about 1718; predeceased his father;
(3) Mary Aylmer (fl. 1776); married, 24 December 1759 at St Michael, Dublin, John Bury (d. 1804?) of Dublin, notary public, and of Downings (Kildare), and had issue four sons and three daughters.
He inherited Ballycannon from his nephew in 1712.
He died 5/6 May 1754. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, Charles (c.1715-c.1772). Elder son of Charles Aylmer (c.1685-1754) of Ballycannon and his wife, born about 1715. He married, 11 September 1749, Eleanor (d. 1781), daughter of James Tyrrell of Clonard (Kildare), and had issue:
(1) Michael Aylmer (c.1750-c.1810) (q.v.);
(2) Charles Aylmer (d. 1776); died unmarried, March 1776;
(3) Richard Aylmer (b. c.1752); married, September 1772, Eliza, daughter of Admiral Richard Norris, and had issue two sons;
(4) Bridget Aylmer; married, 9 October 1775, Thomas Cannon of Moyglare (Meath);
(5) Elizabeth Aylmer; married, about September 1778 at Grangemore, Thomas Coates of Knockin Abbey (Kildare);
(6) Anne Aylmer.
He inherited Ballycannon from his father in 1754 and acquired Grangemore (Kildare).
He died between 1770 and 1772; his will was proved in 1772. His widow died in 1781.

Aylmer, Michael (c.1750-c.1810). Eldest son of Charles Aylmer (c.1715-c.1772) and his wife Eleanor, daughter of James Tyrell of Clonard (Kildare), born about 1750. JP for Kildare from 1776; High Sheriff of Kildare, 1783, 1796 and 1804; Colonel of Kildare militia, 1795-1803; Revenue Collector in Kildare, c.1806-09. He married, 6 May 1777 at St Bride, Dublin, Frances Amelia, only daughter of Richard Hornidge DL of Tulfarris (Wicklow), and had issue:
(1) Emily Aylmer (c.1779-1811), born about 1779; married, 1799, as his second wife, Whitney Upton Gledstanes (d. 1807) of Fardross, Clogher (Tyrone) and had issue one son and one daughter;
(2) John Aylmer (1783/4-1857) (q.v.);
(3) Richard Aylmer (b. 1788), born 1788; educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1804; BA 1808); died unmarried;
(4) Eliza Aylmer.
He inherited Ballycannon from his father c.1772, and acquired Courtown (Kildare) in about 1792, but the house there was looted and burned by the United Irishmen in 1798; after that he lived at The Shrubbery, Kilcock (conveniently close to the town police barracks!).
He died about 1810. His wife's date of death is unknown.

Aylmer, John (1783/4-1857). Elder son of Michael Aylmer (c.1750-c.1810) and his wife Frances Amelia, only daughter of Richard Hornidge of Tulfarris (Wicklow), born 1783/4. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin (admitted 1799; BA 1803) and Kings Inn, Dublin (admitted 1807). High Sheriff of Co. Kildare, 1819. He married 1st, March 1813, his cousin Martha (d. before 1828), second daughter of Maj. Richard Hornidge of Tulfarris (Wicklow), and 2nd, 29 December 1828 at Donadea, Margaret Susan (1799-1891), only daughter of Sir Fenton Aylmer, 7th bt., of Donadea Castle, and had issue:
(1.1) Isabella Aylmer (1814-24), born 1814; died young, 1824;
(2.1) Jane Grace Aylmer (c.1830-96); died unmarried, 28 March 1896; administration of goods granted 8 June 1896 (estate £5,059);
(2.2) Michael Henry Aylmer (1831-85) (q.v.);
(2.3) Frances Aylmer (b. c.1832); died unmarried;
(2.4) Margaret Aylmer (1834-1905), born 9 March 1834; married, 17 July 1856 at St Mark, Dublin, Charles Michael Wright (later Bury) (1830-1909) of Downings (Kildare) and had issue nine sons and four daughters; died 8 November 1905;
(2.5) Emily Aylmer (1835-1922), born 8 November 1835; married, 8 November 1859, Thomas Octavius Baldwin Chapman (c.1823-89) and had issue eight sons and five daughters; died 11 May 1922;
(2.6) Elizabeth Aylmer (c.1837-1900), born about 1837; died unmarried, 8 June 1900; will proved 9 August 1900 (estate in Ireland, £5,730) and sealed in London, 24 August 1900 (estate in England, £3,975);
(2.7) Cecilia Aylmer (c.1839-1918), born about 1839; died unmarried, 22 September 1918; will proved in Dublin, 2 December 1918, and sealed in London, 18 January 1919 (estate in England, £1,575);
(2.8) Lucy Harriet Aylmer (c.1842-1922), born about 1842; married, 20 June 1863 at British Chaplaincy in Rome (Italy), Edward Louis Hack (c.1831-89), builder of the first railways in Italy, and had issue one daughter; died 31 January 1922.
He inherited Courtown Park from his father and built a new house there c.1815.
He died 5 March 1857 and was buried at Cloncurry (Kildare); his will was proved 28 March 1857. His first wife died before 1828. His widow died aged 92, 26 December 1891; her will was proved in Dublin, 18 March 1892 (estate in Ireland, £14,279) and sealed in London, 11 April 1892 (estate in England £4,584).

Aylmer, Michael Henry (1831-85). Only son of John Aylmer (1783/4-1857) of Courtown Park and his second wife, Margaret Susan (1799-1892), only daughter of Sir Fenton Aylmer, 7th bt., of Donadea Castle, born 30 May 1831. JP for Co. Kildare. A noted horseman and rider to hounds. He married, 5 February 1853 at Naas (Kildare), Charlotte Margaret (d. 1893), daughter and heiress of Hans Hendrick of Kerdiffstown House and Tully (Kildare), and had issue:
(1) John Algernon Aylmer (1853-1924) (q.v.);
(2) Florence Mary Aylmer (1854-1907), born about 25 November 1854; married 1st, 21 March 1882 at St Ann, Dublin, Lt-Col. Walter Joseph Borrowes (1834-93), youngest son of Sir Erasmus Dixon Borrowes, 8th bt., and had issue one daughter; married 2nd, 1895, William R.N. Gore; died 3 August 1907; administration of her goods granted 29 October 1907 (estate £632);
(3) Hans Hendrick Aylmer (later Hendrick-Aylmer) (1856-1917) (q.v.);
(4) Algernon Ambrose Michael Aylmer (1857-1933) (q.v.).
He inherited Courtown Park from his father in 1857, and Kerdiffstown in right of his wife.
He died in Dublin, 4 April 1885; his will was proved 9 April 1885 (effects £1,480). His widow died 4 November 1893; her will was proved in Dublin, 25 January 1894 (effects in Ireland, £5,631) and sealed in London, 7 February 1894 (estate in England, £2,056).

Aylmer, Maj. John Algernon (1853-1924). Eldest son of Michael Aylmer (1831-85) and his wife Charlotte Margaret, daughter and heiress of Hans Hendrick of Kerdiffstown House and Tully (Kildare), born 22 December 1853. Educated at Liverpool Collegiate Institution and Trinity College, Cambridge (matriculated 1872; BA 1876; rowing blue, 1874).  An officer in the 4th Dragoon Guards (Lt., 1875; Capt., 1882; Maj., 1891), who served in Egypt, 1882. JP and DL for Co. Kildare; High Sheriff of Co. Kildare, 1896-97. He married, 12 April 1886 at Clearwell (Glos), Blanche (1855-95), third daughter of John Eveleigh Wyndham of Stock Dennis (Somerset) and widow of Capt. George Montgomery, and had issue:
(1) Stella Wyndham Aylmer (1887-1973), born Jan-Mar 1887; County Organizer for Women's Voluntary Service; appointed MBE, 1946; married, 3 March 1909, Lt-Col. John Maurice Colchester-Wemyss OBE JP (1880-1946), younger son of Maynard Willoughby Colchester-Wemyss of Westbury Court (Glos), and had issue one son; died 27 May 1973;
(2) John Wyndham Aylmer (1889-1953) (q.v.).
He inherited Courtown Park from his father in 1885.
He died 24 August 1924; his will was proved in London, 13 March 1925 (estate in England, £12,515) and in Dublin, 1 September 1925 (estate in Ireland, £5,662). His wife died 8 March 1895; administration of her goods was granted 14 June 1895 (effects £1,205).

Aylmer, Maj. John Wyndham (1889-1953). Only son of John Algernon Aylmer (1853-1924) and his wife Blanche, third daughter of John Eveleigh Wyndham of Stock Dennis (Somerset) and widow of Capt. George Montgomery, born 9 March 1889. Educated at Wellington College and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. An officer in 4th Dragoon Guards (Lt., 1910; Capt., 1915; Maj., 1923; retired 1924), who served in First World War (mentioned in despatches three times). Master of Kildare Hunt, 1925-26. He married, 8 August 1918 at Holy Trinity, Sloane St., London, Edith Margaret (1892-1964), youngest daughter of Wilfred Hans Loder DL JP of High Beeches, Handcross (Sussex), and had issue:
(1) Maj. Michael Eustace Wyndham Aylmer (1919-86), born 20 July 1919; educated at Eton and Royal Military Academy, Woolwich; an officer in 16th/5th Lancers (2nd Lt., 1939; Lt., 1941; Capt., 1946; Maj., 1952; retired, 1953) who served in Second World War; member of the London Stock Exchange; died 3 December 1986; will proved 20 May 1987 (estate £230,081);
(2) Blanche Mary Aylmer (1920-64), born 3 September 1920; served in Women's Auxiliary Air Force in Second World War; married, 6 May 1944, Christopher Francis Wintour of Sowbury House, Chieveley (Berks), son of Ulick Fitzgerald Wintour of Cap d'Antibes (France), and had issue one son and one daughter; died 16 February 1964; administration of goods granted 12 November 1964 (estate £8,919);
(3) Col. (John) Anthony Aylmer (b. 1925) of Nunwell House, Brading (IoW), born 7 October 1925; educated at Wellington College; an officer in the Irish Guards (Lt., 1947; Capt., 1952; Maj., 1959; Lt-Col., 1966; Col., 1972; retired 1980), who served in Second World War, Palestine 1948-49 and Aden 1966-67; took part in the Coronation Procession, 1953; Military Assistant to Lord Mountbatten, 1964-65; Deputy Chairman, Exercises Branch of Operations Division, SHAPE (Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe), 1973; President of the Irish Wolfhound Club, 1970-72; purchased Nunwell House from the Oglander family, 1982; DL for Isle of Wight, 1994; married, 16 September 1961, Shaunagh Christine (1934-2010), second daughter of Richard Smythe Guinness of Lodge Park, Straffan (Kildare) and had issue one son and two daughters.
He inherited Courtown Park from his father in 1924 but sold it in 1947 and lived subsequently at The Park, Charleville (Co. Cork).
He died in London, 22 March 1953; his will was proved 9 December 1953 (estate in England, £7,320). His widow died 29 October 1964; her will was proved 24 February 1965 (estate £6,409).

Hendrick-Aylmer, Hans Hendrick (1856-1917). Second son of Michael Aylmer (1831-85) and his wife Charlotte Margaret, daughter and heiress of Hans Hendrick of Kerdiffstown House and Tully (Kildare), born 23 May 1856. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin (BA 1877) Kings Inn, Dublin and Middle Temple (admitted, 1878; called to bar, 1880). Barrister-at-law. JP for Co. Kildare; High Sheriff of Co. Kildare, 1894. A keen amateur tennis player, he competed in the Irish national championships in 1880; Treasurer of the Kildare Archaeological Society. He took the additional name and arms of Hendrick by Royal Licence in 1889. He married, 8 May 1886 at Christ Church, Dublin, Florence (c.1861-1940), third daughter of Alexander Edwards of Ballyhire (Wexford), and had issue:
(1) Charles Percy Hendrick-Aylmer (1887-1906), born Jul-Sep 1887; educated at Wellington College; died unmarried of peritonitis, 1 December 1906;
(2) Muriel Charlotte Hendrick-Aylmer (1889-1970), born 16 May 1889; married, 5 November 1915, Brig. John Penrose MC (1886-1964) of West Hoe House, Bishops Waltham (Hants), son of Rev. John Penrose of Chippenham (Wilts) and had issue three sons; died 19 November 1970; will proved 30 April 1971 (estate £14,062);
(3) Violet Lucy Hendrick-Aylmer (1891-1979), born 13 September 1891; married, 31 December 1925, Capt. Philip Sylvester Alexander (1883-1952) of Kilmorna, Lismore (Waterford), only son of Col. the Hon. Walter Philip Alexander, and had issue one son and one daughter; died 19 December 1979; will proved in London, 28 May 1981 (estate in England £4,512);
(4) Gerald Hans Hendrick-Aylmer (1897-1917), born Jul-Sep 1897; educated at Wellington College and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst; an officer in Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (Lt., 1915), who served in First World War and was killed in action, 16 April 1917; he is commemorated on the Arras Memorial, Pas de Calais (France).
He inherited Kerdiffstown House from his grandfather, Hans Hendrick, in 1889.
He died 13 November 1917 and was buried at Maudlins Cemetery, Naas (Kildare), where he is commemorated by a monument; his will was proved in Dublin, 14 February 1918. His widow died 8 April 1940 and was also buried at Maudlins Cemetery; her will was proved in London, 7 August 1940 (estate in England, £2,478).

Aylmer, Algernon Ambrose Michael (1857-1933). Youngest son of Michael Aylmer (1831-85) and his wife Charlotte Margaret, daughter and heiress of Hans Hendrick of Kerdiffstown House and Tully (Kildare), born 23 June 1857. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin (BA 1879). An officer in the Dublin City Militia (Lt., 1875; resigned 1878). A keen amateur tennis player, he competed in the Irish national championships in 1880. He married, 10 June 1886, Frances Sophia (c.1861-1937), youngest daughter of Meade Caulfield Dennis of Fort Granite (Wexford) and had issue:
(1) Col. Richard Michael Aylmer (1887-1975) (q.v.);
(2) Theodora Margaret Aylmer (1892-1971), born 21 February 1892; married, 15 June 1915, Maj. Roger Ferdinand Mainguy DSO (1882-1959), son of Maj.-Gen. Ferdinand Beckwith Mainguy of Les Roquettes (Guernsey); lived at Morristown, Kill (Co. Kildare); died 2 December 1971; will proved in London, 30 October 1978 (estate in England £16,267).
He lived at Rathmore (Kildare) until he inherited Kerdiffstown House from his elder brother in 1917.
He died 6 February 1933; his will was proved in London, 10 May 1933 (estate in England, £9,674); in Dublin, 12 July 1933 (estate in Ireland, £20,911) and in Belfast, 19 July 1933 (estate in Northern Ireland £1,392). His widow died 20 January 1937; her will was proved in England, 25 March 1937 (estate £571).

Aylmer, Col. Richard Michael (1887-1975). Only son of Algernon Ambrose Michael Aylmer (1857-1933) and his wife Frances Sophia, youngest daughter of Meade Caulfield Dennis of Fort Granite (Wexford), born 5 October 1887. Educated at Wellington College and Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. An officer in Royal Army Service Corps 1908-38 and 1949-45; served in First World War (wounded, mentioned in despatches three times) and Second World War (mentioned in despatches); seconded to Egyptian Army, 1920-23. He married, 26 January 1939, Mona (1909-99), elder daughter of Capt. Conn Alexander of Bognor Regis (Sussex), and had issue:
(1) Justin Michael Aylmer (b. 1940), born 3 January 1940; educated at Wellington College; employed in Investment Division of Lloyds Bank Ltd from 1974 but later retrained as an actor at the Focus Theatre, Dublin; member of the Council of the Irish Lawn Tennis Assoc., 1973; married, 1981, Bridget Frances Georgina (b. 1954), daughter of Canon George Alfred Salter, and had issue two sons;
(2) Dennis Fenton Aylmer (b. 1942) of Valley House, Enniskerry (Wicklow), born 21 May 1942; educated at Wellington College; company director; converted to Unitarianism c.1965; trustee of the Unitarian Church of Ireland, 2001-date; married, 1976, Dorothy Margaret (d. 2012), daughter of Thomas Anthony Fleming, and had issue two sons.
He inherited Kerdiffstown House from his father in 1933 but sold it in 1938. In 1947 he bought Ayesha Castle (Co. Dublin), which was sold by his sons in 1997.
He died at Ayesha Castle, 26 January 1975, and was buried at Maudlins Cemetery, Naas (Kildare); his will was proved 31 October 1975 (estate in England, £13,452). His widow died aged 90, 22 August 1999, and was also buried at Maudlins Cemetery, where their grave is marked by a monument; her will was proved in London, 20 March 2000.


Sources


Burke's Irish Family Records, 1976, pp. 42-43; F.J. Aylmer, The Aylmers of Ireland, 1931; M. Bence-Jones, A guide to Irish country houses, 2nd edn., 1990, pp. 93, 164, 196-97; Irish Architectural Archive, The architecture of Richard Morrison and William Vitruvius Morrison, 1989, pp. 120-22.


Location of archives


Hendrick and Aylmer families of Kerdiffstown and Ayesha Castle: family and estate papers, 18th-19th cents. [Private Collection; enquiries to National Library of Ireland]


Coat of arms


Argent, a cross sable between four Cornish choughs proper.


Can you help?


Here are a few notes about information and images which would help to improve the account above. If you can help with any of these or with other additions or corrections, please use the contact form in the sidebar to get in touch.

  • As always with early Irish families, the genealogical sources are sadly deficient and sometimes contradictory. If anyone can improve on my descent of the family with information from deeds, wills, or other sources, I should be very pleased to hear from them.
  • If anyone can supply portraits of members of this family whose names appear in bold above, I should be very pleased to receive them for inclusion.



Revision and acknowledgements.


This post was first published 13 May 2017.